What Is Hash Oil and How Is it Used?
What Is Hash Oil and How Is it Used?
Hashish oil, more commonly called hash oil or honey oil , is a thick liquid made from dissolving hashish or marijuana in solvents like acetone, alcohol, butane, or petroleum ether.
The resulting liquid is then separated from any plant matter and the solvent is allowed to evaporate. The substance that remains is a concentrated form of cannabis known as hash oil.
The first recorded hashish oil was produced using alcohol as the solvent. In the early 1840's, Peter Squire (a chemist in London, England) extracted 12 ounces of hash oil from 64 ounces (4 pounds) of marijuana.
THC Content Of Hash Oil
THC is the primary chemical that produces intoxication when a person uses hash oil, hashish, or marijuana. The THC content of good to excellent hash oil varies from 30% to 80% THC.
The THC content of good to excellent hashish varies from 20% to 60% THC.
The THC content of good commercial grade marijuana available to most users has a THC content of about 5% to 15%. The maximum THC content of premium grade marijuana is about 35%.
How Is Hash Oil Used
The most common method of smoking hash oil is to use the clear plastic tube that is the body of a bic disposable pen. Pull out the end cap, pull out the ink tube, and you have a clear plastic tube.
Then, use something that won't burn or melt, like a pin, straight part of a paper clip, jewelers screw driver, or something similar to dip in the oil. What you want to do is just get a little dab of oil on the bottom 1/8 inch (or less) of whatever it is that you are using.
Heat the oil on the pin or whatever you used by holding it over the burning part of a lit cigarette, without letting them touch. In a few seconds the oil will drop onto the burning cigarette and burn. Hold the end of the tube above the cigarette and suck in the smoke.
After a few tries you will be able to determine how much oil to use without letting any go to waste and how far to keep the plastic tube from the cigarette so it doesn't melt.
For a nicer piece of equipment, take an old tablespoon. Bend the handle so that the handle bends away from the bowl, and then back so that it is pointing up away from the bowl.
Attach the same pen tube to the handle, with some tape, so that the tube points down into the bowl of the spoon. Smear oil into bowl of spoon, and heat spoon from bottom with a candle or something. (This only takes two hands.)
Another technique, if you roll your own cigarettes, is to smear a streak of oil on a cigarette paper, and then roll a cigarette with this paper. Better still, roll it with some marijuana.
Vapor method: put an old knife on a stove burner (use an electric stove; use a gas job at your own risk). Let it get nice and hot (red hot isn't too hot, but of course you don't wanna deform the knife). Get a paper towel tube or similar-size tube and gather everyone around close.
Use an instrument like the one discussed above, to get a little dab of oil, stand ready with the tube, press the instrument (screwdriver, etc) against the hot blade and suck.
Don't take too much; it's got incredible expand properties. The stuff will smoke uncontrollably till it's gone, so make sure everyone gets in their suck without letting too much go to waste (it's good if everyone has their own tube).
Another good way to smoke it is to put a drop of hash oil on top of a bowl of marijuana loaded in a pipe. However you do it, take small hits. The stuff is lethal on your lungs.
It can also be mixed with marijuana and rolled in a joint...mind you,this can get a bit messy.
To get the most bang for your buck, put about 10 grams in a 13x7 inch brownie pan with your favorite brownie recipe. Be sure to mixed the oil in well. Cut into 1.25 inch squares.
Eat one and have a wonderful night. Eat two or three and become part of your favorite couch for 5 hours or so. Eat 6 or more and find out what heroin is like without having to mess with needles.
How To Buy Hash Oil
Lighter color hash oil is more refined and potent than darker stuff. There is very good hash oil that is dark brown-green in color but lighter colored honey oil is recommended for first time oil users.
If it is available, try to buy stuff that is similar in color to the golden honey sold at most food stores. It should have an appealing hash-like smell, but not quite as nice as good hash.
--- If in doubt, buy a small amount and try taking three good tokes held in as long as possible (using the bic pen method).
--- If you are used to smoking marijuana only, this should get you off for a really good 15-30 minute buzz.
--- If you are not sure (after taking a few tokes) that the stuff you have is very potent, it's not good hash oil, don't buy anymore.
The premium grade hydroponic marijuana produced by many home growers is approaching the THC content of low and medium grades of hash oil and hashish. If a reliable source of good hash oil is hard to find, consider growing high potency hydroponic marijuana yourself. You can consume what you grow as marijuana, or use it in the production of honey oil.
Hash oil is produced by allowing a solvent to dissolve the psychoactive cannabinoids that are present in cannabis. These cannabinoids remain behind when the solvent is subsequently evaporated, leaving a relatively pure, high-potency form of cannabis. The color and odor of the resulting extract will vary, depending on the type of solvent used. Current samples of hash oil, a viscous liquid ranging from amber to dark brown in color, average about 15% tetrahydrocannabinol.
Various solvents are suitable for the production of hash oil. Isopropyl alcohol, petroleum ether, and acetone are three commonly used solvents, though these are not suitable for human ingestion. For edible extracts, solvents such as high-proof grain alcohol, vegetable oils, and butter are commonly used. Supercritical fluid extraction methods using various volatile compressed gases are also rumored to be used.
Ethanol is a common solvent used in the preparation of honey oil, but other solvents may include: methanol, isopropyl alcohol, various highly volatile non-polar liquid solvents (e.g. hexane, toluene, xylene, naphtha) and butane. Solvents are selected based on their ability to dissolve cannabis resins and volatility, leaving minimal chemical residue.
Oil produced from solvents other than butane are considered to be hash oil or cannabis oil, not honey oil. The term "honey oil" originally referred to a secondary process on an ethyl alcohol extract; using a two to one mixture of ethyl alcohol extract to ethyl ether. This mixture is combined, separated and the ethyl ether extract is evaporated, yielding high quality honey oil. All precautions apply.
Butane is advantageous to use as it has a boiling point of ?0.6 °C (31 ° F), meaning that it will fully evaporate when left for long enough at room temperature. Butane is cheap and widely available in the form of 'lighter refill' cans. Butane also has the advantage of not dissolving the chlorophyll component of whole cannabis - it dissolves mainly the psychoactive resins. Drawbacks include the risk of explosion associated with large volumes of butane gas, and the possibility of contaminants in the butane or the extraction vessel. BHO, or butane hash oil is a common term for the output produced by butane extraction of cannabis. "Purging" of the product or further processing is highly suggested in order to remove any trapped butane/solvent(s).
The term "honey oil" refers specifically to the colour of the oil regardless of the process used to extract it. The extraction process, if done properly, will produce oil of golden colour, similar to honey. Due to the very low temperature of liquid butane only the cannabinoids will not freeze and will dissolve in the butane. Also the butane is extremely volatile at room temperature and will evaporate quickly leaving almost no residual traces. Other solvents like ethanol or naphtha will dissolve more than cannabinoids, they will collect a large quantity of other plant chemicals such as chlorophyll. This will produce an oil with a much darker color. Sometimes even black as tar when multiple solvent washing of the plant material is done to increase yield. Naphtha based oil notoriously contains amounts of residual naphtha enough to influence the smell, taste and effects of the product. Many users report feeling sick or having headaches when smoking honey oil extracted by naphtha, hence it is generally accepted that the product poses a greater health risk than with butane-extracted oil. Alcohol-extracted oil also contains plant sugars, which caramelize when smoked to produce a harsh taste.
Generally the whole cannabis plant can be used to produce honey oil or other types of hash oil. Some will use only the flowers of the cannabis plant to improve yield since they contain more cannabinoids. This gives an advantage only when using other solvents than butane, because it will improve the ratio of cannabinoids to other plant chemicals. With the butane extraction it will also increase the yield a little bit since there are more cannabinoids to collect, but it will not improve the quality and purity of the oil. Also cannabis flowers are much more expensive than other plant material such as leaves and stems so in the end you get more product but it costs more to produce.
The solvent used is a flammable gas released as liquid that will have to be allowed to evaporate back into gas. This produces fumes that are highly combustible. Other dangers include, placing all the ingredients into a container that is soaked with butane for a short period after the process. Any accidental spark or flame in an unventilated space may cause severe injury or death.
The effects of extracted resin are comparable to smoking the same plant from which it was extracted, but often intensified due to its much higher potency. In the case of honey oil, several small drops can produce effects comparable to a much greater amount of plant material. This can sometimes cause overwhelming effects if the extract's high concentration of cannabinoids is not taken into account.
It should be noted, of course, that inhaling vaporized cannabis oil is not the same as smoking cannabis in that it does not carry most of the well known health risks associated with smoking. The smoke from cannabis plant matter contains many of the same consituents of tobacco smoke, including bronchial irritants, mutagens, tumour promotors, and carcinogens. Thus, cannabis oil could be seen as a far safer option than smoking cannabis in terms of the health risks of chronic use.